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How to Install FreePBX 15 on Debian 10 with Asterisk 16, PHP 7.3

How to Install FreePBX 15 on Debian 10 with Asterisk 16. This manual-install method builds a FreePBX 15 with Asterisk 16 on Debian 10 system with the following specifications on google Cloud:

  • FreePBX 15
  • Asterisk 16 from the Debian Buster package repository
  • PHP 7.3, standard with Debian Buster
  • 64-bit Intel/AMD (x86_64) platform

Step-by-step guide

All commands are to be run as the root user, either by directly logging in as root or by using sudo su - .

Start from a base Debian 10 installation. All necessary packages will be installed through the following commands.

Prerequisite recommended OS update

Add the backports repo specifically so that the odbc-mariadb package is available. Then update the OS to current.

echo deb http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ buster-backports main > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/backports.list

echo deb-src http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ buster-backports main >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/backports.list

apt-get update

apt-get upgrade

Install all the necessary packages

apt-get install -y build-essential linux-headers-`uname -r` openssh-server apache2 mariadb-server mariadb-client bison flex php php-curl php-cli php-pdo php-mysql php-pear php-gd php-mbstring php-intl php-bcmath curl sox libncurses5-dev libssl-dev mpg123 libxml2-dev libnewt-dev sqlite3 libsqlite3-dev pkg-config automake libtool autoconf git unixodbc-dev uuid uuid-dev libasound2-dev libogg-dev libvorbis-dev libicu-dev libcurl4-openssl-dev libical-dev libneon27-dev libsrtp2-dev libspandsp-dev sudo subversion libtool-bin python-dev unixodbc dirmngr sendmail-bin sendmail asterisk debhelper-compat cmake libmariadb-dev odbc-mariadb php-ldap

Install Node.js

curl -sL https://deb.nodesource.com/setup_11.x | sudo -E bash -

apt-get install -y nodejs

Install this required Pear module

pear install Console_Getopt

Prepare Asterisk

systemctl stop asterisk

systemctl disable asterisk

cd /etc/asterisk

mkdir DIST

mv * DIST

cp DIST/asterisk.conf .

sed -i 's/(!)//' asterisk.conf

touch modules.conf

touch cdr.conf

Configure Apache web server

sed -i 's/\(^upload_max_filesize = \).*/\120M/' /etc/php/7.3/apache2/php.ini

sed -i 's/\(^memory_limit = \).*/\1256M/' /etc/php/7.3/apache2/php.ini

sed -i 's/^\(User\|Group\).*/\1 asterisk/' /etc/apache2/apache2.conf

sed -i 's/AllowOverride None/AllowOverride All/' /etc/apache2/apache2.conf

a2enmod rewrite

service apache2 restart

rm /var/www/html/index.html

Configure ODBC

cat <<EOF > /etc/odbcinst.ini
Description = ODBC for MySQL (MariaDB)
Driver = /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/odbc/libmaodbc.so
FileUsage = 1

cat <<EOF > /etc/odbc.ini
Description = MySQL connection to 'asteriskcdrdb' database
Driver = MySQL
Server = localhost
Database = asteriskcdrdb
Port = 3306
Socket = /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock
Option = 3

Download FFMPEG static build for sound file manipulation

cd /usr/local/src

wget "https://johnvansickle.com/ffmpeg/releases/ffmpeg-release-amd64-static.tar.xz"

tar xf ffmpeg-release-amd64-static.tar.xz

cd ffmpeg-4*

mv ffmpeg /usr/local/bin

Install FreePBX

cd /usr/local/src

wget http://mirror.freepbx.org/modules/packages/freepbx/freepbx-15.0-latest.tgz

tar zxvf freepbx-15.0-latest.tgz

cd /usr/local/src/freepbx/

./start_asterisk start

./install -n

Get the rest of the modules

Only a very basic system is installed at this point. You will probably want to install all the modules on Debian 10 . Alternatively, you can skip this and pick-and-choose the individual modules you want later.

fwconsole ma installall

Uninstall digium_phones

Broken with PHP 7.3 (April 2020).

fwconsole ma uninstall digium_phones

Apply the current configuration

fwconsole reload

Set symlinks to the correct sound files

cd /usr/share/asterisk

mv sounds sounds-DIST

ln -s /var/lib/asterisk/sounds sounds

Perform a restart to load all Asterisk modules that had not yet been configured

fwconsole restart

Set up systemd (startup script)

cat <<EOF > /etc/systemd/system/freepbx.service
Description=FreePBX VoIP Server
ExecStart=/usr/sbin/fwconsole start -q
ExecStop=/usr/sbin/fwconsole stop -q

systemctl daemon-reload

systemctl enable freepbx

Asterisk and FreePBX 15 are installed on Debian 10 ! Go to the web interface at http://YOUR-IP to finish setup

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