Installing FreePBX 16 on Debian 10.9 Asterisk 16

Installing FreePBX 16 on Debian 10.9 Asterisk 16  READ FIRST

Manual installations of FreePBX is considered an EXPERTS ONLY exercise. This method of installation is enough to get CORE functionality of FreePBX. Non-commercial modules may not function as expected or detailed in the Wiki’s. Certain modules and features may require additional software to be installed and configured on the server.


Installing FreePBX 16 on Debian 10.9 For Asterisk 16 you must enable app_macro in make menuselect

Initial System Setup

When installing the machine, at package selection make sure you pick – at least – ‘web server’ and ‘SSH server’. You can also turn off ‘Debian desktop environment’.

Log in as, or switch to, the Root User

Please  note: THIS IS IMPORTANT!  You must run the entire process as root. Attempting to use ‘sudo’ later on will not work. Please don’t ignore this. You must run this entire installer as the root user. If will be helpful to enable ssh logins as root. To do so, you need to change the line ‘PermitRootLogin without-password’ to ‘PermitRootLogin yes’ in /etc/ssh/sshd_config.  You can do this with the following commands.

sed -i 's/#PermitRootLogin prohibit-password/PermitRootLogin yes/' /etc/ssh/sshd_config
service sshd restart
Update Your System
apt-get update && apt-get upgrade -y 

Install the SURY Repository Signing Key

apt-get install gnupg2 -y
wget -qO - | sudo apt-key add -

Install the SURY Repository and Update  your system packages

echo "deb $(lsb_release -sc) main" sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/php7.x.list
apt-get update && apt-get upgrade -y

Install Required Dependencies

apt-get install -y build-essential linux-headers-`uname -r` openssh-server apache2 mariadb-server\
  mariadb-client bison flex php7.4 php7.4-curl php7.4-cli php7.4-common php7.4-mysql php7.4-gd php7.4-mbstring\
  php7.4-intl php7.4-xml php-pear curl sox libncurses5-dev libssl-dev mpg123 libxml2-dev libnewt-dev sqlite3\
  libsqlite3-dev pkg-config automake libtool autoconf git unixodbc-dev uuid uuid-dev\
  libasound2-dev libogg-dev libvorbis-dev libicu-dev libcurl4-openssl-dev libical-dev libneon27-dev libsrtp2-dev\
  libspandsp-dev sudo subversion libtool-bin python-dev unixodbc dirmngr sendmail-bin sendmail\

Install nodejs

curl -sL | sudo -E bash -
sudo apt-get install -y nodejs

Reboot server


Install Prerequisites

After you machine has rebooted, you are now sure you’re running the latest Linux kernel. (At the time of writing this document, the Kernel supplied was 4.19.0-16.)

Install MariaDB ODBC

libssl1.0.2_1.0.2u-1_deb9u4_amd64.deb – This is the dependency for mariadb-connector-odbc.


cd /usr/src/

MariaDB Warning!

If the MariaDB server works in ‘STRICT_TRANS_TABLES’ mode you need to change mode in /etc/mysql/my.conf






Let’s check mode login in mysql :


Install and Configure Asterisk

Install Kernel Source for Asterisk

apt-get install linux-headers-$(uname -r)

Download Asterisk source files.

cd /usr/src

Compile and install DAHDI.

If you don’t have any physical PSTN hardware attached to this machine, you don’t need to install DAHDI.(For example, a T1 or E1 card, or a USB device). Most smaller setups will not have DAHDI hardware, and this step can be safely skipped.

cd /usr/src
tar xvfz dahdi-linux-complete-current.tar.gz
rm -f dahdi-linux-complete-current.tar.gz
cd dahdi-linux-complete-*
make all
make install
make install-config
cd /usr/src
tar xvfz libpri-current.tar.gz
rm -f libpri-current.tar.gz
cd libpri-*
make install

Compile and install Asterisk

Some scripts will have you enable CORE-SOUNDS and EXTRA-SOUNDS but this is unnecessary on FreePBX as the Sound Languages module will do this for you

cd /usr/src
tar xvfz asterisk-16-current.tar.gz
rm -f asterisk-16-current.tar.gz
cd asterisk-*
contrib/scripts/install_prereq install
./configure --with-pjproject-bundled --with-jansson-bundled
menuselect/menuselect --enable app_macro --enable format_mp3 menuselect.makeopts

After selecting ‘Save & Exit’ you can then continue

make install
make config
update-rc.d -f asterisk remove

Install and Configure FreePBX

Create the Asterisk user and set base file permissions.

useradd -m asterisk
chown asterisk. /var/run/asterisk
chown -R asterisk. /etc/asterisk
chown -R asterisk. /var/{lib,log,spool}/asterisk
chown -R asterisk. /usr/lib/asterisk
rm -rf /var/www/html

A few small modifications to Apache.

sed -i 's/\(^upload_max_filesize = \).*/\120M/' /etc/php/7.4/apache2/php.ini
cp /etc/apache2/apache2.conf /etc/apache2/apache2.conf_orig
sed -i 's/^\(User\|Group\).*/\1 asterisk/' /etc/apache2/apache2.conf
sed -i 's/AllowOverride None/AllowOverride All/' /etc/apache2/apache2.conf
a2enmod rewrite
service apache2 restart

Configure ODBC

Edit /etc/odbcinst.ini and add the following. Note that this command assumes you are installing to a new machine, and that the file is empty. If this is not a freshly installed machine, please manually verify the contents of the file, rather than just copying and pasting the lines below. The ‘EOF’ does no go in the file, it simply signals to the ‘cat’ command that you have finished pasting.

cat <<EOF > /etc/odbcinst.ini
Description = ODBC for MySQL (MariaDB)
Driver = /usr/local/lib/
FileUsage = 1

You may need to verify these paths, if you’re not on a x86_64 machine. You can use the command `find / -name` to verify the location

Edit or create /etc/odbc.ini and add the following section. Note that, again, this command assumes you are installing to a new machine, and the file is empty. Please manually verify the contents of the files if this is not the case.

cat <<EOF > /etc/odbc.ini
Description = MySQL connection to 'asteriskcdrdb' database
Driver = MySQL
Server = localhost
Database = asteriskcdrdb
Port = 3306
Socket = /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock
Option = 3

Download and install FreePBX.

cd /usr/src
touch /etc/asterisk/{modules,cdr}.conf
cd freepbx
./start_asterisk start
./install -n

If you want to install Freepbx in another web root (e.g: under /var/www/myroot) , modify some Apache settings and restart it.

cd /usr/src
touch /etc/asterisk/{modules,cdr}.conf
cd freepbx
./start_asterisk start
./install --webroot=/var/www/myroot -n
sed -i 's/\/var\/www\/html/\/var\/www\/myroot/g' /etc/apache2/sites-available/000-default.conf
sed -i 's/\/var\/www\/html/\/var\/www\/myroot/g' /etc/apache2/sites-available/default-ssl.conf
service apache2 restart

Install all Freepbx modules

fwconsole ma disablerepo commercial
fwconsole ma installall
fwconsole ma delete firewall
fwconsole reload
fwconsole restart

That’s it!

FreePBX 16 on Debian 10.9 Asterisk 16 – You can now start using FreePBX.  Open up your web browser and connect to the IP address or hostname of your new FreePBX server.  You will see the Admin setup page, which is where you set your  ‘admin’ account password, and configure an email address to receive update notifications.

There are (at the time of writing) approximately 50 additional modules that can be installed to enhance the usability of your FreePBX machine – you can install these via Module Admin.

We hope you enjoy using FreePBX 16!

Click to edit this heading

View all projects